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Classic Female Blues
Classic Female Blues or more accurately "Vaudeville blues", was a field dominated by women singers that enjoyed its heyday in the 1920s. Although officially introduced by ​Mamie Smith with her hit ​OKeh recording of ​"Crazy Blues" in 1920, vaudeville entertainers such as "coon shouter" ​Sophie Tucker and comedienne ​Marie Cahill anticipated some aspects of the style on record prior to World War I. A few of these artists, including ​Ethel Waters, the unrecorded ​Florence Mills, and the unopposed mistress of the genre, ​Bessie Smith, made the transition to ‘legitimate’ venues. After 1930, with the advent of popular singers in a non-"Classic Blues" vein, the genre went into a slow decline, although its impact on jazz was still felt in 1942 when ​Peggy Lee adopted ​Lil Green's race market hit ​"Why Don’t You Do Right.".
Stylistic origins:
African American folk music, Work song, Spiritual