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Appalachian Folk
The folk music of rural Appalachia; primarily concentrated in western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, and Tennessee, provided much of the basis for bluegrass and country music. Centered around stringed instruments (fiddle, guitar, bass, mandolin, banjo, dulcimer, etc.) and rudimentary percussion (if any), Appalachian folk largely descended from English and Scots-Irish folk traditions, brought to the region by colonial immigrants seeking territory and farmland to call their own; there were also smaller influences from other European immigrants, African-Americans, and Native Americans. Because of the rugged landscape, transportation and communication were difficult, leaving the region's culture and music to develop in relative isolation over the course of the 1800s.
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